Written by Ian Kenneth Villanueva, B.S. in Biology IV.
“Country is ignored by the intellectuals. They don’t look at it as an art form. They think it’s just somebody sitting on his couch and singing about his life”.
Ricky Staggs, a famous musician, expressed that no matter where we live, the beauty here is as beautiful as in others. When we talk about beauty, we talk about art. Some people belittle the extravagant works of local artists because they are not known. But let me tell you, every work of art is worth appreciating.
Philippines is a country of appreciation. It is where you can see the famous works of Juan Luna, Guillermo Tolentino, and Napoleon Abueva. However, they are well known in the entire country. Let us focus more on the local artists with their works as beautiful as the famous artists.
Dingle is a third-class municipality in the province of Iloilo, Philippines. During the second phase of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, the Spanish-American war, Dingle staged the first armed uprising in the Province of Iloilo in October 28, 1898.
The Spanish-American war was a conflict fought between Spain and United States in April 21, 1898. The causes of the conflict were many, but the immediate ones were America’s support of Cuba’s ongoing struggle against Spanish rule and the mysterious explosion of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor.
The monument was then named as the “Cry of Lincud”. However, to better appreciate the beauty of an art, let us explain patriotism. Patriotism is the feeling of love and respect of your country, its history and traditions. Patriotism is a natural and probably the most important factor of the country’s success, because if people are the patriots, they work hard for the development of their country, protection of its historical heritage and improvement of the love towards the culture of the nation. The people who do not love their native country and have no idea about its traditions and history are not able to be called the people of this country, they are the simple citizens, who just live on its territory.
The uprising in Dingle was led by three brave patriots; Adriano Hernandez, Julio Hernandez, and Nicolas Roces. Adriano Hernandez later became a brigadier general in the Philippine Revolutionary Army. He was born on September 8, 1870. He was a Spanish mestizo who studied at the Dingle Catholic School in Dingle, Iloilo and later at the Ateneo Municipal in Manila. He then became an aide to General Martín Delgado because of his knowledge in military strategy. He was designated Chief of Staff of the revolutionary government in the Visayas in November 1898 and represented the province of Iloilo at the Malolos Congress. During the Philippine-American War, Hernández led the guerrilla movement in the province until he surrendered. Today, his statue stands inside the Philippine Army’s Camp General Adriano Hernandez, named in his honor, and in Barangay Lincud in Dingle. Hernandez died on February 16, 1925.
The memorial to the Cry of Lincud was designed by Engineer Recaredo Padernal born on August 16, 1934 and died at the year 2000. He is a graduate of Bachelor of Science in Structural Engineering in Butuan City. Padernal was the General Manager of Hermont Sugar Plantation Inc. and one of the heirs of General Hernandez. The land where the memorial was placed is owned by the Hernandez the reason for its location.
The son of General Hernandez requested Padernal to make a statue in order to honor his memory. With the inspiration of his ancestors, Padernal was driven to make his work of art. Although he designed the project, he was not the only one to build it. He was aided by the obreros in the construction of the sculpture.
The Cry of Lincud monument is a neoclassical sculpture of General Hernandez. The monument stands 44 ft. tall while the statue is 6 feet tall. The statue is made up of bronze metal just like the famous monument of Gabriela Silang.
Bronze is an alloy of 95% copper, 4% silicon and 1% manganese with traces of other elements such as iron. Silicon bronze has been the bronze of choice for fine art castings since its development in the 1920s. It is corrosion-resistant, strong, resilient, formable and weldable. This alloy is also known as “hot-cast” bronze, a fine art “lost-wax” casting of silicon bronze is created through many labor-intensive steps.
This type of statue is called an equestrian statue. It is a statue of a rider mounted on a horse, from the Latin “eques“, meaning “knight“, deriving from “equus“, meaning “horse”. A statue of a riderless horse is strictly an “equine statue”. A full-sized equestrian statue is a difficult and expensive object for any culture to produce, and figures have typically been portraits of rulers or, more recently, military commanders. Statues of horse and rider are exclusively of rulers, great warriors, or more recently, military commanders. These statues are usually found in places of honor or places where the battleground took place. The tradition is that if the horse is depicted with all four hooves on the ground, the rider died of natural causes. If one hoof is raised, the rider’s death came later from wounds incurred during battle, and if two hooves are in the air, the rider portrayed in the statue died on the battlefield. All heroes are immortalized atop a mighty horse. There’s no greater evidence that a man is good and great and sacred and true.
Because of this, in every 3rd week of October, the streets of the plaza of Dingle is jam-packed with devotees, street-merchants and tourists for the annual grand celebration of the Pagdihon festival. This annual festival celebrates the heroism and patriotism of General Hernandez. It is an opportunity for the Dingleanons to give thanks to their local heroes who sacrificed their lives to the name of freedom. It is celebrated every year to commemorate the war that was fought in this town. Now the municipality of Dingle has peace, but every year for a day the war of those times can be depicted through this festivity.
Although lots of kilometers away from Iloilo City, the Adriano Hernandez Monument in Dingle serves as a reminder of the life and heroic act of a man in the times of chaos and oppression. This also serves to encourage everyone to awaken the hero in their hearts.
Engr. Recaredo Padernal †
Hermont Sugar Plantation Inc.
Hacienda Ipil, Brgy. Ilajas, Dingle, Iloilo
Tel: (033) 3510439 / 09189219028